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北京2012上半年成人英语三级考试真题(二)
时间:2012年7月30日   作者:crjyw

Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  As any middle-class parent knows, unpaid work experience can give youngsters a valuable introduction to a secure job. The government has recognized it too, abandoning rules in 2011 that had formerly stopped 16-to 24-years-olds from doing unpaid work while claiming unemployment benefit. But moving from that to forcing them to work without pay in order to collect these benefits has proved a big step.

  (79)More than one million young people in Britain are unemployed, the highest number since the mid-1980s. Keen both to cut the welfare bill and to avoid the depressed future wages that may result from early unemployment, the government has impressed future wages that may result from early unemployment, the government has introduced an ambitious program of reform to get youngsters off welfare and into work. A key part of it is ensuring that no one gets benefit from the government for long; ministers are keen to avoid what happened after the early-1980s recession(衰退),when unemployment continued in some parts of the country for a long time after the economy began to improve.

  To help young people into work, ministers had persuaded lots of employers, including bakery chains, bookshops, and supermarkets, to take on unemployed youths, who receive work experience but no pay, with the prospect of proper job for those who shine. (80)Some 35,000 youngsters participated last year; half found paid work soon after finishing the scheme.

  The idea of getting young adults used to showing up for work is popular with voters: according to a survey published in February, about 60% of people support the program. Equally attractive was the option of compelling them to work: under the existing arrangements youngsters could choose whether or not to accept a place, but if they dropped put after the end of the first week, they stood to lose up to two weeks‘ benefits.

  Yet the scheme has also polarized(两极分化的)opinion: a third of people are consistently opposed. Following a noisy “Right to Work” campaign that accused employers of co-operating secretly with this from getting worse, Chris Grayling, an employment minister, admitted that young people could leave their work experience at any time without being punished for doing so. This not only halted the flight of employers(for now, at least)but also enabled him to announce that new firms have agreed to take part in the program.。

  11. According to the passage, young people in Britain_____.

  A. are used to showing up for work

  B. value unpaid work very much

  C. are always opposed to unpaid work

  D. could learn something about job security through unpaid work

  12. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT TRUE?

  A. Most voters support the government‘s effort to help young people to work

  B. Some people protest against the government‘s attempt to force young people to work

  C. There are more than one million young people who took part in the program

  D. There are more than one million young people who are jobless

  13. According to the author, the British government is trying to______.

  A. punish young people if they are not cooperating with it

  B. reform the unemployed youngsters

  C. the economic slowdown

  D. reduce welfare spending

  14. The word “shine” in Paragraph 3 means “______”。

  A. do well                 B. reflect light

  C. look happy               D. produce light

  15. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?

  A. Enjoy Work Without Pay

  B. Can Work, Won‘t Work

  C. Should Work, Shouldn‘t Play

  D. Hate Work or Love Work

  Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choice marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  16. Please give Jim the schedule for tomorrow‘s conference when he ______ back. He is to chair the conference.

  A. will come   B. come    C. comes    D. came

  17.______five minutes earlier, you would not have missed the last train for Shanghai, but you were late.

  A. Had you come                 B. Do you come

  C. Did you come                 D. Should you come

  18. After he worked out the solution, _____ appeared a smile on his face.

  A. it               B. here           C. what             D. there

  19. _____ the former president‘s supporters went out in streets to express their anger and dissatisfaction

  A. A small amount of             B. A large number of

  C. A little bit of                  D. A great deal of

  20. To be honest, today‘s dinner was just so-so. It wasn’t such a good one____ promised by the boss.

  A. that       B. which          C. as             D. what

  21. So many people _____, the meeting had to be put off.

  A. being absent            B. to be absent

  C. were absent             D. had been absent

  22. We often advise him not to drink more _____ is good for his health

  A. as          B. that         C. than         D. but

  23.——Did Charles vote in the last election?

  -----No, he wasn’t_____

  A. enough old then                 B. then enough old

  C. ole then enough                 D. old enough then

  24. By no means_____ look down on those who are less lucky in life than we are/

  A. we should                     B. should we

  C. we should not                  D. should we not

  25. He didn‘t feel like ____that day so he stayed indoors reading.

  A. working      B. works        C. to work     D. worked

  26. No sooner had we started on the road _____it began to rain.

  A. when        B. than          C. then       D. whenever

  27. He decide to go for a sailing holiday ______ the fact that he was usually Seasick (晕船)

  A. because of       B. in spite of     C.in case of   D. as a result of

  28. What you do in your spare time is your own _____. However it should not be harmful to others

  A. business        B. purchase       C. bargain       D.sale

  29. As a gardener, Jim has to water the flowers and ______the grass in the garden every morning

  A. trim           B. improve        C. refine       D. repair

  30. The firemen are still ____the small fires started by the plane crash.

  A. taking off      B. setting aside    C. getting along with    D. putting out

  31. He didn‘t live up to _____had been expected of him .

  A. that         B. what         C. which       D. all

  32. The old couple decided to ___a boy and a girl though they had three of their own.

  A. adapt      B. bring      C. receive     D. adopt

  33. The relationship between employers and employees has been studied____.

  A, originally    B. extremely     C. violently     D. intensively

  34. The car _____ halfway for no reason

  A. broke off     B. broke down   C. broke up   D. broke out

  35. The police ____ that he committed a series of crimes in the north of the city

  A. swelled     B. submitted    C. surveyed     D. suspected

  36. The manger lost his _____just because his secretary was ten minutes late

  A. mood     B. temper       C. mind    D. passion

  37. We gave out a cheer when the red roof of the cottage came_____ view

  A. from      B. in          C. before      D. into

  38. I have kept that portrait _____ I can see it every day , as it always reminds me of my university days in London

  A. which      B. where        C. whether       D. into

  39. The room is in a terrible mess; it _____ cleaned.

  A. Can‘t have been             B. mustn’t have been

  C. shouldn‘t have been          D. wouldn’t have been

  40. You see the lightning ____ it happens, BUT you hear the thunder later.

  A. the instant                 B. for an instant

  C. on the instant              D. in an instant

  41._____ it or not , his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles.

  A. Believe                  B. To believe

  C. Believing                D. Believed

  42. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at ______ chemist‘s

  A. other          B. some         C. certain     D. any

  43. Your hair wants____. You‘d better have it done tomorrow

  A. cut          B. to cut          C. cutting      D. being cut

  44. I don‘t think it advisable that Tom _____ to the job since he has no experience

  A. be assigned     B. will be assigned

  C. is assigned     D. has been assigned

  45. The goals ____he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him

  A. after which      B. with which    C. for which     D. at which

 
 

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